Shankar known as Shiva is one of the Gods of the Trinity
(three manifestations namely Creation, Preservation and
Destruction of the Supreme - Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva).
He is considered to be the God of Destruction. Shankara
means Sham Karoti = the one who does good. Shiva also means
‘auspicious’ or ‘good’; or ‘doer
of welfare’. Then why is he considered as the Destroyer?
He destroys evil powers and unwanted things and situations,
like a farmer who ploughs the land to remove unnecessary
and unwanted things from there to enable the earth to be
clean for creation or production which Brahma, the Creator
Lord Shankara or Shiva sits in a meditative pose in Kailas
in the Himalayas. His posture indicates inner harmony and
poise. He revels in the Ananda (bliss) of the transcendental
Reality. He also symbolizes the absolute purity of mind.
He maintains serenity, equanimity and tranquility in all
circumstances. He carries a trident with three prongs symbolizing
the three gunas –Sattwa, Rajas and tamas – the
modes of character of human beings, namely purity and contemplative
quality, passion, agitation and activity, and dullness and
inaction. The trident in His hand is meant to destroy the
three gunas in human beings, which will enable them to destroy
the ego and realize the Supreme within.
consort is Uma or Parvati who symbolizes the famine aspect
of nature and motherhood. Shakara and Parvati are two aspects
of nature – man and woman; both together mo the universe
forward and they cannot be considered as different from
each other. Both together are called Arddha Naareeswara(the
Lord who is half man and half woman; meaning the Lord carrying
the power of man and the love of woman) .
the grace of Lord Shankara and Bhavani (Parvati’s
other name) who are the synonyms of faith and trust, nobody
will be able to realize oneself. As Sant Tulsidas says:
Bhavani Shankarasu Vande Shraddha vishwasa roopinau.
Yaabhyaam vinaa na pashyanti siddhah swantastham eeshwaram."